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Shumen

Post code: 9700
Intl dial code: +359 54

Bulgaria begins from here


The city of Shoumen was founded 3200 years ago. During ancient times the city was cradle on the rich spirit and significant culture – Thracians, Romans, Byzantines, Bulgarians. In close proximity to Shoumen are the first two capitals of the Bulgarian nation – Pliska and Veliki Preslav and the religious center Madara.

Special active culture and educational activities develop during the golden age of Bulgaria when the city is called Simeonis. There are two different stories regarding the name of the city Shoumen. The first is that the name descends from the name of Tsar Simeon Veliki: Simeon – Shimeonis – Shoumen. The second is that it descends from shuma, or foliage – a greatly timbered place with many forests. From its finding until the 15th century, the city was situated in the region of the Shoumen fortress which explains the well-made complex of public and culture buildings.

After the crusades march of Vladislav Varnenchik during 1444, Shoumen was destroyed by the Turkish and moved to the present place at the foot of Ilchov Skat. Shoumen was one of the most active centers of the Bulgarian Renaissance. On the 11th of May, 1813, the city follows the first in Bulgaria celebration of the Holy Brothers Cyril and Methodius and the first theatrical production.
During 1828, it is founded the first school for girls and during 1856 the first class school and the first cultural community center. During 1846, the first schools amateur groups are founded. The first Bulgarian symphony orchestra is founded in Shoumen during 1850. Created here are notable Shoumen men – from the Renaissance: Dobri Voynikov, Vasil Droomev, Sava Dobroplodny, Panayot Volov, Nancho Polovich, Iliya R. Bluskov and others.

After the liberation of Bulgaria from Turkish rule, Shoumen was the center of the region or the district during every administrative partition with two brief exceptions – after September 9th, 1944 for two years and from 1987 with the introduction of the new regions in Bulgaria. Now it is the center for a renowned municipality.



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