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King Kotys I


The most dynamic Thracian king crowned the causes of the Odrysian dynasty (the end of the 6th and the beginning of the 5th century BC – 45 AD) with an active internal and foreign policy for the stabilisation of the relations among the Thracian kingdoms and for transforming the Odrysian state into a naval sea power at the price of a prolonged military expansion. A traditional pilgrim to the Delphi sanctuary but an enemy of the Athens polis because of entering into rivalry with it for the control of sea routes in the East Aegean Sea, Kotys I (383 –359 BC) was sure of the historical perspective of Southeastern Europe. he understood that the decline of the town-states after the Peloponnesian War between the Athenian Naval League and the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta (431 – 404 BC) foreboded the future role of the monarchies. But his attempt to transform the Odrysian state into the paramount power was unsuccesful because it was made as a pre-Hellenistic trend, as a notice of the great reforms pledged by Philip II the Macedonian (359 – 336 BC) and realised by his son Alexander III the Great (336 – 323 BC) who changed the world.

Kotys was a morning star in the idea of Clio, the muse of History. This star vanished into the bright light of the genius of Alexander.



Prof. Aleksander Fol

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