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Golden eagle

(Aquila chrysaetos)

The golden eagle is the largest in terms of size eagle that can be seen in the Stara Planina Mountain, with a wing span of up to 225 cm. The head and the back part of the neck of the adults are yellowish with golden pattern, the feathers are sharpened, spear-shaped and resemble a mane. The rest is dark-brown, with broad and unclear black strip on the top of the tail, which in flight seems broader than that of the imperial eagle. The juvenile birds – up to 3-4 years are of dark-brown coloration, with white base of the primaries.

It inhabits diverse rock regions in proximity to open spaces. It nests on rocks and rarely on trees. It often plunges. Typical for this species is that it breaks the shells of tortoises throwing them from above on the rocks. It feeds on rodents, and its main prey is the European souslik. A protected species - Law of the biological diversity.

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