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The Iskar (Latin: Oescus) is, with a length of 368 km, the longest river thar runs solely in Bulgaria, and a right tributary of the Danube.

The Iskar is formed by three rivers, the Cherni Iskar, Beli Iskar and Levi Iskar (known under the collective name Iskrove), with the source being accepted to be the one of the Prav Iskar, a tributary of the Cherni Iskar. After rising in the north slopes of Rila, it is used to form the Iskar Dam — the largest in Bulgaria. The river runs near Sofia and passes through a gorge in the Balkan Mountains with rocky forms. It flows in the Danube near the village of Gigen in Pleven Province. The Iskar is the only river to take its source from southern Bulgaria and cross the Balkan Mountains to flow into the Danube.

The Iskar Gorge in Stara PlaninaThe Iskar flows through seven provinces of Bulgaria — the capital city of Sofia, Sofia Province, Pernik Province, Vratsa Province, Pleven Province and Lovech Province.

In terms of geology, the Iskar is the oldest river in the Balkans and also the only one to have preserved its original direction despite the significant geological changes in later stages.

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