Todor Alexandrov


Todor Alexandrov, a Bulgarian revolutionary, was born on March 4, 1881 in the Novo Selo suburb of Shtip to Alexander Poporushev and Maria Alexandrova. In 1898, he finished the Bulgarian Pedagogical School in Skopje and became a Bulgarian teacher consequtively in the towns of Kocani, Kratovo, the village of Vinica, and Shtip. As young as 15 years of age, he was sworn as a member of VMORO by Hristo Matov.

In 1903 Todor Alexandrov distinguished himself as an extraordinary leader and organizer of the Kocani Revolutionary District. He was arrested by the Turkish authorities on March 3, 1903 and sent to Skopje under enforced police escort during the same night. He was sentenced to five years of solitary confinement by the extraordinary court there. In April, 1904, he was released after an amnesty. Soon afterwards, he was appointed a head teacher in the Second high-school in Shtip. Todor Alexandrov, in cooperation with Todor Lazarov and Mishe Razvigorov, worked day and night to organise the Shtip revolutionary district. The results of his activities were detected by the Turkish authorities and in November 1904 he was forbidden to teach. On January 10, 1905 Alexandrov's house was surrounded by a numerous troops but he succeeded in breaking through the military cordone and immediately joined the cheta (band) of Mishe Razvigorov where he became its secretary. Alexandrov attended the First Congress of the Skopje Revolutionary Region as a delegate from the Shtip district.

His deteriorating health lead him to become a teacher in Bulgaria - the Black Sea town of Bourgas in 1906, but after learning about the death of Mishe Razvigorov, he abandonced his work as a teacher and returned to Macedonia at once. In November 1907, Alexandrov was elected as a district vojvoda (commander) by the Third Congress of the Skopje Revolutionary Region.

On August 2, 1909 the Turks made another attempt to arrest him but failed again. In the spring of 1910 he and his cheta traversed the Skopje region and organized the revolutionary activities. At the beginning of 1911,Todor Alexandrov became a member of the Central Committee of VMRO. In 1912, he became a vojvoda in the Kukush and Solun (Salonika) districts where he carried out a number of sabotages against Turkish targets, facilitating this way the Macedonian cause in the First Balkan War. In 1913, he was at the head quarters of the Third brigade of the Macedonian Militia in Bulgarian army. After 1913 he organized the VMRO resistance against other nationalities - Serbs and Greeks.

On November 4, 1919 Todor Alexandrov was arrested by the government of Stambolijski but he succeeded to escape nine days later. In the spring of 1920, Alexandrov went with a cheta to Macedonia where he restored the revolutionary organization and attracted the world's attention to the unsolved Macedonian question. At the end of 1922, there was a bounty of 250,000 dinars placed on him by the Serbian authorities in Belgrade.

Todor Alexandrov was assassinated when a traitor in his cheta shot him on August 31, 1924 in the Pirin Mountains.






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