During the Turkish rule
At the beginning of the Ottoman oppression chronicles passed in silence many events. They mentioned that the town survived in spite of atrocities and arsons only a century later. Some memorable travel notes of Paul Lucas, a French physician and a traveler, written in 1706, have reached us: "Stanimaka is an important town, populated only by Christians. The town has 12 churches and takes pride in vine-growing and wine-making".
During their ugly, bloody raids, the Kurdjali troops demolished the town and sapped its former glory and beauty. But once again it rose from ashes to become "the most beautiful of all settlements and villages in Plovdiv eparchy". The town spread and strengthened.
Prominent patriots, led by Backo Dincho, fought against the Ottoman and Phanariotic oppression with self-confidence and pride of being Bulgarians. The revolutionary spirit and patriotism were kindled out much earlier by the first Bulgarian enlightener Paissyi of Hilendar (Paissyi Hilendarski). He came here and died in the residential district of vine growers in Asenovgrad (Ambelino) in 1773. The fiery passion of Paissyi and organizing talent of Vasil Levski, who found shelter in the monasteries nearby, led the creation of à revolutionary committee, headed by Otton Ivanov.
Asenovgrad breathed free from arsons and devastation after the victorious march of the Russian troops, led by General V. Dandevil, but the unjust Berlin Treaty left the town enslaved. A movement for the unification of Bulgaria stirred in Eastern Roumelia. The secret committee in Asenovgrad was led by Nicola Krustev. A detachment of over two thousand fighters from the town and the adjacent villages, headed by priest Angel Cholakov, were officially welcomed by Zachary Stoyanov in Plovdiv and took part in the proclamation of the Unification in 1885.
Asenovgrad was a small agricultural center after the Liberation. It was famous for its advanced vine-growing, silkworm-breeding and silk production, for the advanced arts and crafts. The town was a market center for the other villages nearby. The phylloxera destroyed the vineyard in the end of the 19-th century. Then people began cultivating tobacco.
The first small factory for silk Svilla, factories for paper, soap, beer, alcohol and tobacco came into being.
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