Imperial eagle

(Aquila heliaca)

This is one of the most impressive diurnal predatory species, with a wing span up to 220 cm this is the largest of the eagles. It is identified by the pale head and the bright white scapulars. Only part of the wings and the tail of the juvenile birds are darker a sign for their future majesty. They change their coloration only after their fourth year.

The main habitats of the imperial eagle are the lowlands and the mountain regions up to some 1000 m. It is the sole ruler of the open spaces covered by grass vegetation, located close to woodland sites in the mountain outskirts regions. In these sites it discovers its most common prey the European souslik. Sometimes it also attacks quails.

It builds its nests on single trees. From their tops it can easily sight the meadows, without leaving its palace. The nests of this species have gigantic sizes some 120-180 cm in diameter. In them it grows 1 to 3 chicks for 65-77 days.

The species is included in the World Red Book. It is protected by the Law of the biological diversity.

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