The Kazanluck Thracian Crypt
Kazanluk Thracian Tomb
A Thracian beehive-type tomb from the end of the 4th and the beginning of the 3rd century BC. It consists of an antechamber, a stone corridor (dromos) and a domed chamber, built of stone and brick. The murals on the walls are of great artistic value. They reflect battle scenes and the symbolic farewell with the Thracian ruler accompanied by three racing chariots.
The crypt is representative of the Thracian architectural and pictorial art from the end of the 4-th and the beginning of 3-rd c. B.C. It is a monument of exceptionally great worth, discovered in 1944 beneath a mound in the vicinity of the town of Kazanluck.
The structure consists of a lavishly painted entrance hall, a narrow corridor and a brick-wall beehive burial chamber. The methods applied in decorating the crypt are wet fresco and distemper techniques. Above the frieze of the corridor is depicted a multi-figured battle scene. The murals of the main frieze in the vaulted beehive chamber are interposed within two ornamental belts. They portray a unique scene of the heroized deceased and his wife, sitting at a funeral feast, accompanied by servants, players, musicians, bodyguards and charioteers. The images are essential as a source for investigating the lifestyle, armaments, manner of dressing and outer appearance of the Thracians. It can be considered one of the best preserved monuments of Thracian art in Bulgaria as well as one of the few kept for the present masterpieces of antique fine art.
It was declared a UNESCO monument in 1979.
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