Arbanasi

The village of Arbanassy is situated some 3-4 km from Veliko Tarnovo, on a plateau at 400m above sea level. The oldest document proving its existence is the royal decree of Sultan Mahmud II from 1810, that renewed 10 older decrees. There it was mentioned that in 1538 Suleyman the Great made a gift to his son-in-law Rustem Pasha the villages of the Arbanasses, including the village of Arbanassy, hosting that year 236 families.

There are no exact data for the origin and foundation of the village. It could be assumed that the village existed ever since the Second Bulgarian Kingdom. There are also various theories regarding the ethnic composition of the population.
There are about 100 old houses preserved until nowadays - they take a very special place in Bulgarian vernacular architecture. They bear the characteristics of the fortified Medieval dwelling and according to the researchers form the beginning of last century, they remind the in their building structure the last Boyar houses in Veliko Tarnovo, which disappeared after the devastating earthquake in 1913.

The house of Arbanassy is large and closed; the ground floor is built of stone, with deep vaults; the walls of the upper floor are usually made of wooden planks and more seldom – made of stone. Interesting in the plan scheme is the precise functional differentiation of the numerous premises – men and women guest-rooms, bedrooms, kitchen, store-rooms, lavatories and wash-rooms, rooms for the servants, hiding places. Unlike the simple and severe facades, the interior of the rooms is richly decorated with woodcarving and plastered ornaments on the brick stoves.

The 2 monasteries and 5 churches built during the period 15th – 17th c. prove the economic power and privilege statute of Arbanassy at that time. Of exceptional value are wall paintings in the churches “Birth of Christ”, “The Holy Archangels” and “St. Dimitar”.



UNESCO


We've tried to make the information on this web site as accurate as possible, but it is provided 'as is' and we accept no responsibility for any loss, injury or inconvenience sustained by anyone resulting from this information. You should verify critical information (like visas, health and safety, customs and transportation) with the relevant authorities before you travel.