Area: 7 753,14 sq. km
Bourgas is the fourth largest city in Bulgaria, situated in the southeastern part of the country. The climate here is temperately continental with a distinct impact from the Black Sea. One of the biggest industrial plants on the Balkan Peninsula, Neftochim, is located in the vicinity of the city. The Port of Bourgas is the biggest seaport in the country. The favorable geographical location and advanced transport infrastructure of Bourgas are good prerequisites for development of tourismand trade. Bourgas is not only an important industrial center in the country; it has also considerable resources for tourism. What attracts people here mostly is undoubtedly the sea. The city is a starting point for visiting the seaside resorts in the area - The Slantchev Bryag resort (Sunny Beach) and The Elenite holiday village to the north and The Duni holiday village, renowned for its unique architectural composition, to the south. Art and culture, together with propagation of cultural values is fostered by 7 state-owned and 11 municipal institutes.
The Bourgas district is one of the most developed regions in the Republic of Bulgaria. The geo-strategical situation of the region - at the Black Sea coast - is a factor of national importance well acknowledged by several countries in Europe, Asia and Africa. 74 % of the annual import/export of the country goes exclusively through the Port of Bourgas. With its existing structures in industry, agriculture, tourism and transport and the new legislation the Bourgas district enables potential investors to implement serious investment projects on its territory.
Overlooked by most tourists and often dismissed as a polluted industrial dump, to be passed through quickly on the way to more desirable locations along the coast, Bourgas is a surprisingly attractive city, which makes a welcome break from the crowds and commercialism of the nearby seaside resorts. Though the city's suburbs are certainly dreary, the centre is pleasantly urbane and tourist-friendly, due to recent efforts to improve its seedy image. As the site of an oil refinery and associated chemical plants, Burgas is far more industrial than any of its neighbours on the coast, and its deep harbour is home to Bulgaria's oceanic fishing fleet. The presence of visiting ships and passing tourists gives the town certain cosmopolitanism – especially in late August, during the folk festival – but nothing to compare with the cultural life of Varna.
Road traffic southwards is borne by a thin finger of land that separates the gulf itself from the land-locked Bourgas Lake to the west, while further down lie the picturesque freshwater resevoir of Mandrensko ezero (Mandra Lake) and the Poda Lagoon, lying beside the main E87 road 10 km south of Bourgas.
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