The Kamchiya is a 244.5 km long river in the east part of Bulgaria, the longest Bulgarian river to flow directly into the Black Sea. It originates from the merger of two small rivers springing from the Eastern Stara Planina — Luda Kamchiya and Golyama Kamchiya — and flows westward into the Black Sea about 30 km south of the city of Varna. Once, Kamchiya was called Panisos, later, Slavs gave it the name of Ticha. Its contemporary name is considered to be of Cuman origin. The Romans built a stronghold called Erite on its left bank. Later, the Lipovans settled along its banks.
Running down through Stara Planina, Kamchiya meanders through a grove called Longoza, which features tropical flora. Besides various trees and bushes, ferns, reed and yellow water lilies also grow here. This frequently flooded place is protected by UNESCO. The reserve is 40 km long (stretching throughout the longose forest to the river mouth) and 5 km wide at some places. There one can see does, deer, sea hawks, eagles, wild boars and wild cats, among others.
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