The Dospat River is a river in the Western Rhodope Mountains, the most important tributary of the Mesta. It takes its source from Bulgaria, from the 1 643-metre-high Rozov vrah (Pink Peak) and flows southeast until Dospat Dam, after which it makes a turn southwest to continue generally to the south and flow into the Mesta as a left tributary on Greek territory just south of the Greek-Bulgarian border. The river has a drainage basin of 633.5 km².
The Dospat municipality is in the south-eastern Rhodopes, on the border between 2 administrative districts and the frontier with Greece. Its land area is 313 000 hectars, of which 180 000 hectars of forests. The population numbers 11 000, in 8 villages. Dospat alone has a population of 3 000.
Dospat is a turning point, where you can either head north along the desolate route to Batak, or continue westwards past the turn-offs for Dolen and Kovachevitsa, towards Gotse Delchev in the Mesta Valley and the Pirin Mountains beyond. This route passes through some of the loveliest countryside in Bulgaria, with an ever-changing panorama of gorges, forests and meadows dotted with a succession of highland villages, where tobacco farming is the main source of income, which amply compensates for the awfulness of the road.
The lanscape is mountainous and hilly, spring comes late, summer is cool, and the autumn - warm. Winter, due to the influence of the Aegean along the Dospat river, is mild, snow lasts quite long.
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