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Archeological Finds

Date: 28.08.2006

Archaeologists discovered an iron sword and two new tombs during excavations on Cape Kaliakra, on the northern Black Sea coast, team head Boni Petrounova of the Archaeological Institute with Museum at the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences said.

The tombs date from the period of Early Christianity and were discovered under the foundations of a public building in the so-called Suburb of Kaliakra fort. According to Petrounova, the two men and one woman in one of the tombs belonged to one family but were not buried at the same time.

A tomb with a specially designed camera was also found. It turned out that this was the last resting place of a dwarf aged 26-30 but only 110 cm tall. The dwarf was well-developed, with a stab wound on the skull, which proved fatal and was buried in a camera with a specially designed stone as a memorial slab.

In Petrounova's words, people in Antiquity set great store by those with disabilities. Far from being regarded as second-hand people, they were considered God's own. It was assumed that
physical disabilities were compensated by supernatural powers, so it is logical for the dwarf to be buried in a well-made special grave.

This season's excavations concentrate on the character of two buildings - one dating from the Early Middle Ages (10th-12th century) and the other from the period of the Second Bulgarian
Kingdom (13th-14th century), Petrounova explained. The buildings contained a large number of finds, which enrich the information about the medieval history of Kaliakra.

The most valuable of these was an iron sword some 90 cm long, but this extremely valuable find has not been dated yet, tentatively belonging to Late Antiquity or the Early Middle Ages. The sword is unique because this type of weapon is found very rarely.

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